State medical marijuana laws instruct that in those jurisdictions where it allows it, an individual needs a formal recommendation from a qualified doctor to obtain medicinal marijuana. Each state has a unique set of requirements. A qualifying illness must exist to utilize medicinal marijuana.
According to the medical cannabis laws, a person might also need to get a medicinal marijuana ID card. Once a person obtains that card, they can purchase medicinal marijuana from a dispensary. Marijuana use is prohibited by federal law. However, numerous states permit its use to treat symptoms, including pain, nausea, and other medical conditions.
What Will I Learn?
How Can a Person Benefit from Medical Cannabis?
All items made from the Cannabis sativa plant or marijuana plant get referred to as “cannabis” products. Medical cannabis, which is commonly referred to as medical marijuana, is a form of organic medication made from Cannabis plant species that are often used to treat ailments or conditions. Thus, several governments have made medical marijuana legal.
Tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, is present in high concentrations in Cannabis sativa (THC). The main component of marijuana that has an impact on a person’s mental state is THC. Few cannabis plants only have trace amounts of THC. Cannabis-related research initiatives and funding opportunities have also received support from the National Cancer Institute.
Relief from Chronic Pain
Medical marijuana is becoming a more often used alternative to traditional medications like opiates. Some types of chronic pain, including inflammation and nerve-related pain, may lessen by cannabis. Cannabis cannabinoids may lessen pain by changing the brain’s neural pathways that deal with it. This may be useful in treating diseases like arthritis, fibromyalgia, endometriosis, and migraine that lead to pain.
Additionally, it might lessen negative side effects of cancer treatment like appetite loss. When the entire plant gets employed, however, there is what is called an entourage effect, in which the parts interact collectively and thus have more effect. This helps researchers better understand the unique effects of that element.
Helps to Manage Neurological Conditions
The symptoms of multiple sclerosis, which affects the brain and spinal cord, include fatigue, tingling, numbness, and muscular rigidity. Although there is no known treatment for MS, medication can slow down its symptoms. According to research, marijuana can be helpful in the treatment of multiple sclerosis since it lessens nerve pain, muscle stiffness, and spasms.
A rare condition of epilepsy known as Dravet syndrome gets characterized by difficult-to-control seizures that begin while the child is a baby. Another uncommon type of epilepsy, known as Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome, includes frequent, diverse seizures that begin in childhood. It shows that using medical marijuana can lessen the occurrence of seizures in seizure disorders when combined with conventional seizure medications.
Cannabis might be an option if someone struggles to fall asleep after one stressful day or if one has a sleep issue. The analgesic effects of marijuana may help people with pain, and its anti-anxiety characteristics may help people who are feeling anxious and agitated. Numerous people smoked cannabis as a self-medication for pain, anxiety, and insomnia.
Cannabinoids interact with cannabinoid receptors in the brain to produce sleep-inducing effects. When cannabinoids connect to such receptors, they convey signals that cause the brain’s alertness system to suppress and adenosine levels to rise, promoting sleep. The combination of these actions may induce sleep or sedation in cannabis users.
Drug Abuse from Medical Marijuana
When medical marijuana gets consumed excessively, the acute effects might cause symptoms such as intoxication, poor cognitive and motor function, increased heart rate, panic, and psychosis in those who are prone to it. Some chronic effects include bronchitis (from smoking cannabis), psychological cannabis dependence, lack of motivation, and cognitive deficits. In cases of severe liver or heart illness, avoid using medical marijuana, or use it very cautiously. Evidence suggests that people with major cardiac problems may get a heart attack if they consume medical cannabis. In addition, severe liver disease may interfere with the body’s ability to metabolize cannabis properly.
The National Institute on drug abuse states that marijuana has a high potential for addiction and gets viewed as a gateway drug. Therefore, the likelihood of developing dependence increases with THC amount and frequency of use. If a person has psychosis, a heart illness, or lung disease, using medicinal marijuana may be risky and even harmful. Physicians advise against using cigarettes alone or in combination with medical cannabis.
Substance abuse is using a substance for a purpose other than what it is actually for or utilizing it to the extent that it negatively impacts life. Even when taking medication as prescribed, a person can abuse it by taking more than the appropriate dosage; the present prescription opioid crisis is a good illustration of this.
This need to take more of the medicine to have the same effect is one sign of medical marijuana addiction, as are the withdrawal symptoms that appear when one stops using the substance. Marijuana can become addictive. While some people can use this drug, stop it, and have little to no bad consequences, others have started to rely on it.
It’s interesting to note that not everyone who consumes marijuana develops a dependence. Some people don’t think marijuana is addictive because the withdrawal symptoms are typically much milder than other medications. However, even when a doctor recommends marijuana, it’s critical to recognize a genuine risk of addiction. In the case of posttraumatic stress disorder, while marijuana can help, in some cases, it can also make a person’s PTSD worse.
Certain uncommon types of epilepsy, vomiting, nausea brought on by cancer chemotherapy, and appetite loss and weight loss brought on by HIV/AIDS may all be helped by medical marijuana use.
Additionally, some research points to minor advantages of marijuana or cannabinoids for multiple sclerosis symptoms and pain. Cannabis does not relieve glaucoma symptoms. Cannabinoids and cannabis are still getting studied as potential treatments for additional diseases.
The main goals of using medicinal cannabis are symptom reduction, enhanced function, and increased quality of life. Overall, the Food and Drug Administration suggests that it’s consumed as per prescription only. Other medications may need to get taken in lower doses or even stopped altogether.