Earlier today the Chicago City Council voted overwhelmingly to approve a marijuana decriminalization measure that is expected to save the city millions of dollars.

Supported by Mayor Rahm Emanuel and set to take effect in August, the ordinance would allow police officers to issue citations for possession of 15 grams or less of marijuana, with fines ranging from $250 to $500, but offenders won’t go to jail.

The Marijuana Policy Project put out a press release just minutes ago on what happened in Chicago today. It read in part:

Passage of the measure means that adults in possession of small amounts of marijuana will no longer be arrested or saddled with criminal records that can make it harder to obtain employment, housing, and student loans. The ordinance will also allow law enforcement to focus on more serious crimes, like the city’s soaring murder rate, while conserving limited police resources. Violent crime has become a serious concern in Chicago, with homicides up 38% over the last year.

“The change in enforcement policy is a smart one,” said Dan Riffle, legislative analyst for the Marijuana Policy Project. “Because of the ordinance passed today, a lot of young people in Chicago will have college educations, fulfilling careers, and bright futures to look forward to instead of the job-killing scar of a criminal record. All the while, Chicago police can stay on the beat protecting communities from violent criminals and real threats to public safety.”

Chicago now joins over 90 other localities in Illinois and 15 other states across the nation in removing criminal penalties for low-level marijuana possession. Since enacting laws replacing arrest and jail with fines for such violations, there has been no appreciable increase in marijuana use in those areas, either among adults or young people. The move follows a recent trend in marijuana reforms, including a similar penalty reform in Rhode Island and medical marijuana legislation in Connecticut this May and June. Legislative chambers in New York, New Hampshire, and New Jersey also approved marijuana policy reforms in recent weeks. This trend reflects growing public consensus that harsh marijuana laws are ineffective, and scarce law enforcement resources should not be used to arrest adults for using a substance safer than alcohol.

Common sense, coming soon (hopefully) to a town near you. Every positive step in the long road toward the end of marijuana prohibition helps cannabis users wherever they happen. The momentum is clearly on the side of marijuana law reform advocates.

– Joe Klare